There are a number of theoretical models or approaches that are used in anger management. An example of some of these anger management models are: Ventilation Model, Cognitive-Behavioural Models, Gestalt Therapeutic Models and Relaxation Training. These intervention methods tackle anger management according to the possible causes of negative use of anger.
Four Anger Management Models
1. Ventilation Model
This model discourages repressed anger and encourages individuals to express anger openly. The Ventilation Model lies on the assertion that persons who express their anger openly are less likely to be physically violent. An angry person is encouraged to yell or even hit punching bags. Some critics of this model believe that there are not enough research to support this model and that the model may actually terrorize victims, especially in domestic abuse situations.
2. Cognitive-Behavioral Model
This model has the underlying assumption that violence is a learned behaviour that includes a deficit in interpersonal cognitive skills. This model indicates that individuals can learn to control their anger by modifying their beliefs and learning new interpersonal skills. Critics of the Cognitive-Behavioural Model warn that the model does not deal with other issues, such as power and control, that contribute to anger issues.
3. Gestalt Therapeutic Model
This model encourages "active expression" and a deeper awareness. Therefore, persons are encouraged to make sense of their anger by identifying "unfinished business". There is much emphasis on doing, acting and feeling. This experiential model uses a cycle of experience that maps the emotions and how individuals may block themselves from completing the "cycle".
4. Relaxation Training: The most popular Anger Management Model
This is perhaps the most popular model in the management of anger that is particularly stress related. This approach focuses on moderating neuromuscular and autonomic process of the human body. Much research has been done on this approach. The method helps in the mastery of arousal-reducing skills, such as meditation and yoga. Advocates of relaxation training also encourage the use of music, art, prayer, aromatheraphy, exercises/diaphragmatic breathing, and relaxation baths as useful tools in relaxation. The method has been successful in reducing the heart rate and overall health of persons using relaxation methods.
Generally a combination of these anger management models may be appropriated to helping people deal with their anger issues. It is also believed that focusing on anger alone is insufficient in developing a prosocial attitude in anger management.
Articles in this series:
That disturbing emotion called Anger
Is there such a thing as healthy anger
Do I have anger issues
Simple anger test
Facial displays of anger
Linking diet and antisocial behaviour
Methods and techniques of Anger Management
What is anger management
Quenching anger before it becomes destructive
Coping with the roadblocks of life
What triggers your anger bug
Teaching children anger management skills
When others are mad at you
"Stop anger, be happy"
"A Poison Tree" by William Blake