Tobago is part of the unitary state of the republic of Trinidad and Tobago.The name is Carib in origin and derives from the Carib word (a long-stemmed pipe with two nose pieces which was the instrument the native Caribs used to smoke tobacco). This is believed to be the island mentioned in the book Robinson Crusoe. The islanders of Tobago trace their heritage predominantly from the African slaves who labored on the plantation during the colonial days; but it also has influence from the original inhabitants, the Amerindians, and the Europeans cultures.
Capital Scarborough (since 1779)
Area 116 square miles
Population – approx. 50,000 (Year: 2000)
Annex to Trinidad since 1889
Government – Government policy is formed and implemented by the Tobago House of Assembly (which was established in the Act of Parliament in 1980).The Tobago House of Assembly maintains its link with national administration through a Cabinet Minister. The assembly is comprised of 15 Assemblymen (12 of whom are elected in the House held every four years. The other three are elected by the Assemblymen themselves).
Cultural Traditions: The Tobago Heritage Festival
This distinct origin forms the backdrop of The Tobago Heritage Festival, an annual festivity, which was first staged in 1987.It spans a two-week period from mid-July to the first day of August. This festival is described as a pilgrimage into the cultural hearts of the Tobagonians ancestry. The festival is a showcase of the islanders souls which is expressed in their traditional dance, music, storytelling, culture and food.Its activities are widespread and are staged throughout the island, in many villages.
Known as a naturalist paradise – This popular tourist destination is known for its fresh air, unspoilt and uncluttered sandy beaches, and lot of fauna and flora. The sandy beaches are the main attraction for all, even the turtle back turtles that are common during the months of April and July. Tobago also has many offshore islands, such as Wildlife Sanctuaries of Little Tobago and the Giles Islands. Above all, the island has a vast area of untouch tropical rainforest that runs along the Main Ridge, a range of hills in the centre of Tobago
Taking a Look at the Heritage of Tobago. A book compiled by the Culture Department Tobago House of Assembly (03/04/03).